Nature is the life-blood of planet Earth, and biomes are our way of organizing our knowledge of ecosystems and habitats. The diversity of life on Earth is astounding and the full extent of its interconnectedness is beyond knowing. Researchers have counted fewer than 2 million species of the estimated 12 or 13 million species that exist. There is much to learn, much to be astonished by, and much to protect.

Terrestrial Biomes

Biomes Map

Climate Graphs Interactive World Map w/ Biomes Map

Wikipedia: Biomes

OpenOregon: Terrestrial Biomes

Biomes Pyramid (BigThink)

GeoDiode: Biomes - The Living Landscapes of Earth (11:34)

Videos 1 to 8 are linked below

Climate, Biomes and Seasons

Also see Climate Systems

UntamedScience: World Biomes: An Introduction to Climate (5:50)

MinuteEarth: How do trees survive the winter? (2:48)

Why Do We Have Different Seasons? | California Academy of Sciences (3:16)

GeoDiode: Seasons - Origin and Variation Across Earth (13:10)

Biomes of the World

GeoDiode: 1. Tropical Forests (14:29)

GeoDiode: 2. Savannah (8:44)

GeoDiode: 3. Shrublands (12:34)

GeoDiode: 4. Deserts (14:59)

GeoDiode: 5. Grasslands (10:52)

GeoDiode: 6. Temperate Forests (23:14)

GeoDiode: 7. Taiga (12:22)

GeoDiode: 8. Polar Biomes (8:46)

Biodiversity Hotspots and Protection

Wiki: Biodiversity Hotspots
Article: PennState

Global Centres of Plant Biodiversity

Nature: Proportion of Ecoregion as Low Impact Area, 2019

Nature: Global Extent of Low-Impact Areas, 2019

Nature: Global Extent of Human Impacts, 2019

Nature: Proportion of Low-Impact Areas by Biome, 2019

IUCN: Protected Areas of the World

% Protection of WWF Ecoregion

Natural Debate: Do Forests Grow Better With Our Help or Without? (YaleE360 and Nature)

Global Microbial Communities (ResearchGate)


What is biodiversity? (WWF International: 3:04)

Why is biodiversity so important? (TED-Ed: 4:18)

Biodiversity is collapsing worldwide. Heres' why. (OCC: 8:34)

Global Biodiversity Is in Free Fall (Scientific American)

Habitat Loss and Loss of Biodiversity, including Invasive Species

How Consumption is Threatening Species – Interactive World Map

The destruction of the Amazon explained (Vox: 11:44)

Welcome to the Anthropocene (Globaïa: 3:37)

Regional Biodiversity Loss since 1970 (VisualCapitalist)

Biggest Threats to Biodiversity

Globaïa: The Global Safety Net (2:20)

Road Density (m/km2) (NewSci)

Human Worlds of the Anthropocene (WorldMapper)

Monitoring Progress Toward the Goal of Half Earth

The threat of invasive species (TED-Ed: 4:43)

Global Mangrove Watch