What is climate change?
Carbon and the Carbon Cycle
Evidence of Climate Change
The Greenhouse Effect
NASA: The Greenhouse Effect (2:29)
MinuteEarth: How do Greenhouse Gases Work? (3:08)
Causes of Climate Change
There are three types of climate change:
The normal, natural climate change, which has been happening forever, is due to fluctuations in Earth's movement around the Sun, plus its tilt and wobble.
Then, there are short-term perturbations in Earth's natural climate systems caused by sun-spot activity, volcanic eruptions and phenomena like the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) which includes La Niña. However, since climate is a 30-years average of conditions, these aren't truly climate changers, but part of the normal changes we experience here on Earth.
Finally, there is enhanced climate change or anthropogenic climate change – the recent, very rapid warming of Earth due to the influences of people: burning fossil fuels, deforestation, agriculture and trade.
Natural Climate Change
The Economist: How volcanoes change the climate (1:49)
Human-induced (Anthropogenic) Climate Change
Temperature Anomalies by Country 1880-2017
(Antti Lipponen 0:54)
Temperature Anomalies from 1900 to 2016
(Antti Lipponen 0:34)
Impacts of Climate Change
(Univ of Bergen: 8:33)
Is the weather actually becoming more extreme? (TED-Ed 5:21)
Climate Change: The View from MinuteEarth (2:48)
Is the Gulf Stream collapsing? (Have A Think 13:32)
Demystifying Ocean Acidification (CAS: 12:12)
Solutions to Climate Change
You can scroll through this amazing graphic recounting not only the history of humans on Earth since 22,000y BP, but also the changing temperature.
Best viewed on a laptop or desktop