Studying changing populations is a key component of AP, A level, and IB DP Geography. The following topics are supported on this page:

Population Growth, the Demographic Transition Model, Age-Sex Structures, Quality of Life Indicators, Migration

World Population Through Time (6:24)

Mapping global population growth to 2060 (The Economist: 2:46)

Population Growth

For many decades, it was thought that the biggest crisis facing humanity was a rapidly growing population. Since then, demographers have come to realize that although a growing population creates challenges, world population growth is actually slowing down, to the point where we can begin to foresee a time when population growth will level off, and may in fact decline. Furthermore, it's resource consumption, particularly by the wealthiest 1 billion, that is driving the problems we face.

The Demographic Transition Model - Interactive ArcGIS Story

Overpopulation: The Human Explosion Explained (6:39)

Age-Sex Structures and Population Pyramids

Gapminder Data Portal

Malthus, population and the resource base (8:43)

7 Billion: Filling it up (2:33)

Time Series: Population Density

(Our World In Data)

Wiki: Population Increase 2010-2015

How does the world population clock tick?
AAS | World Pop'n Clock

How population growth impacts the planet
(Resources focus from AAS)

Where to put the next billion people (Nature: 2:11)

Cultural Diversity Around the World (PEW)

Nations United: Urgent Solutions for Urgent Times (34min)

Indicators of Quality of Life has been moved to the new page Development

Demographic Trends

5 Undeniable Long-Term Trends Shaping Society’s Future (Visual Capitalist)


Global Demographic Trends (IMF)

The Demography of World Population, 1950-2100 (OurWorldInData)


World Migration

Migration and Refugees

World101: Migration Explained (4:11)

Charting Culture (Nature: 5:36)


Environmental Migration (Lespace mondiale SciencesPo)

Migrant Remittances
(Lespace mondiale SciencesPo)

Displaced Persons
(Lespace mondiale SciencesPo)