Urbanization and Megacities

Topics in this section include: Informal Settlements and Slums


Urbanization or urbanisation is more than the growth of cities – it is a process of population shift from rural areas to cities resulting in an increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.

Urban Geography: Why We Live Where We Do (Wendover 10:04)

Why cities are where they are (Wendover 15:43)

UN Urbanization Maps

Bright Lights, Big Cities

Interactive urbanization map from the Economist

Time Series: Rural vs Urban

Our World in Data - All Urban Charts

World's Largest Cities

World Urbanization
(Espace mondiale SceincesPo)

Urbanization (Wiki)

Urban Population Data

→ search and download to spreadsheet

Toronto's Ten Cities
(Canadian Geographic)

The Four Torontos: City, CMA, GTA, GTHA
(from p8 of CSI doc)

NeptisGeoweb - Online Interactive Map of Southern Ontario


World Megaregions (VisualCapitalist)

Are megacities sustainable? (3:24)

Mapped: The World's Largest Megacities by 2100 (2:26)

Visual Capitalist

Informal Settlements & Slums

Urban Population Living in a Shanty Town
(Espace mondiale SciencesPo)

The World's Largest Slums - Solutions

Habitat for Humanity

Wikipedia: Slums

Kibera (29:25)
Make A Difference Films

Kibera: Michael's Story (6:15)
Amnesty International

VOX: Inside Rio’s favelas, the city's neglected neighbourhoods (8:59)

TEDxDayton: Out of Kibera (9:01)

Solutions to Urban Issues

What happens if you cut down all of a city's trees? (TED-Ed 5:25)

How cities can overcome their growing transport pains (WEF)